Wisdom teeth are the four last set at the back of your mouth. They come out earlier or later at the ages of 18-24. Even with regular cleaning and health of these teeth, they may still require careful removal if they are closely packed. They have a tendency of not coming out as is expected especially when a tooth is standing on its way or are closely packed. When it’s time to come out, one may experience swelling and pain or even an infection. Perhaps because they grow on a fully developed jaw thus the compactness. If you manifest these symptoms, its time they be removed. Early removal is normally the best because it avoids most problems later.
An oral and maxillofacial surgeon may require that your wisdom teeth be removed after carrying out a number of investigations, history or x-rays. If they are okay even if impacted, shall not be removed because they cause no harm or problem. In addition, there is no proven benefit of removing in fact; it may create risk of complications.
Problems of closely packed wisdom teeth
Tooth decay: When they break due to congestion, they can trap food in them which in turn houses tooth decaying bacteria which leaves holes in the teeth and can even affect the surrounding ones.
Gum diseases: Packed teeth encourage gingivitis because during cleaning, the brush is not able to slide in between them due to their tight nature. The unclean food particles release toxins that irritate the gums making them red or swollen and eventually painful.
Pericoronitis: These is when the toxins released by the left food particles cause inflammation to the gums holding the teeth.
Cellulitis: when the problem advances further it may bring an infection on to the whole cheek and tongue or throat.
Abscess: these are pus that is holed up in beside the wisdom teeth when the bacteria beget an infection.
Cysts: together with benign growth, they are a rare occurrence but possible when the wisdom teeth fail to cut up the skin.
Most of these conditions can be treated with antibiotics perfectly as opposed to getting a surgery to remove the wisdom teeth. Surgical procedure is only recommended when medications have failed.
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How they are removed
The oral surgeon can comfortably remove a wisdom tooth if it is loose enough. If it is still hard and firmly hold to the gums, he may need to surgically remove it. He may also remove it surgically when the tooth is broken to small pieces.
Before removal, a local anesthetic is administered to prevent pain. Then the doctor will work on the tooth depending on how it looks like. A tooth needs to be rocked back and forth for it to be pushed out. Others have to be cut to release the tooth. The procedure can take as less as 7 minutes and as much as 20 minutes.
After successful removal of the wisdom tooth, one may experience a swelling or painful discomfort for three days and may continue up to two weeks. Care should be taken around this time concerning teeth hygiene so that no infection might reoccur. It is therefore important not to chew any food in the side of the jaw in which tooth was removed. Always clean your teeth after eating.
As with other surgeries, wisdom teeth removal may cause complications but are very rare. One can be a nerve damage that may cause numbness or develop a dry socket; a condition that leads to bad taste and or smell from the space the tooth was removed.