Surgical Removal of Teeth is also known as Exodontia. Dental extraction is the removal of the dental element (tooth). It can be performed through surgery.
Reasons for Dental Surgical Removal of Teeth
- Exo inclusive, semi included or impacted: It is that tooth that can’t erupt (born), not reaching its position in the dental arch within the expected time
- Exo Root: Removal of remains of roots trapped within the bone tissue or attached to the gum;
- Exo Simple: Surgical removal of teeth that have erupted normally but may be damaged (decayed, broken, etc). It is also the term used for the extraction of children’s milk teeth.
The Importance of Surgical Removal of Teeth
A tooth should only be extracted with professional guidance. It is important to perform the surgical procedures to avoid some serious problems, such as cysts, tumors and infections. At an accelerated stage these problems can cause very serious systemic disorders.
On the day of your tooth extraction, the ideal is to take a light meal and take any medications that may be prescribed, such as antibiotics. Avoid wearing make-up or any heavy accessory on the hair, so as not to cause discomfort or disturb the positioning of your head during surgical removal of teeth. It is important to inform the dentist of your health history so that care is taken in advance if necessary. Surgery Procedure The surgical removal of teeth starts after administration of local anesthesia and / or administration of a sedative, the teeth are released using an extraction instrument and then removed with the dental forceps. In the case of included teeth, a small incision is made in the place where the tooth is and removed any bone or tissue that may be covering them. Then, the teeth are released using an extraction instrument, removing them with dental forceps. Sometimes the tooth is not complete extracted, but in small sections, to avoid the amount of bone that has to be removed to allow full drainage. In the case of an incision, the incision is closed using stitches.
Post Operative Care
Some precautions should be taken in the first few days after surgery:
- Take the medications correctly. Mild, moderate or strong analgesics, sedatives, steroid or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and antibiotics may be used. Medication time should be set by the practitioner, but in general three days for analgesic medication and three to 15 days for antimicrobials
- Avoid mouth washing or spitting in the first 24 hours after extraction from the syringe as well as making suction movements
- A liquid diet should be made within the first three days, avoiding eating hot foods. Over the next four days, a doughy diet is recommended, avoiding the fours consuming granular, hard or consistent foods. This helps decrease swelling and bleeding, reducing the risk of infections. It is important that both the liquid and the pasty diet be nutritious, keeping the immune system strengthened
- Brush your teeth gently than usual and avoid the neighboring teeth of the removed plaques during the first 24 hours. On the second day, resume gentle brushing of your teeth. Do not use commercial mouthwashes unless otherwise prescribed by your doctor.
- Don’t smoke for at least the first 7 days. The cigarette contains toxic substances that penetrate the mucosa of the mouth and can infect the scar
- Don’t drink alcohol. They may interact with medication and cause side effects
- Seven days after extraction the patient should return to the clinic to remove the stitches.
Leaving points in the mouth beyond what the dentist foresees may result in the retention of food, bacteria and impurities that make healing difficult, jeopardizing the health of neighboring teeth and the rest of the mouth, which can lead to infection and wounds in the area. The stitches may only be in the mouth when they are of the absorbable type, and no medical visit is necessary for removal.
Other Oral Surgeries
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